Art, Literature and Music
Classical Theatre
· Noh drama was perfected in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries by Kan'ami and his son Zeami, who refined the rustic mimetic art known as sarugaku
· Noh received a great impetus under the patronage of Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
· In the Edo period (1603-1868), the Tokugawa shogunate authorized five schools of Noh for the entertainment of the samurai class
· Noh is a highly stylized form of dance drama in which the main actor, who is usually masked, dances to the accompaniment of chanting and instrumental music
Noh performance at Itsukushima Shrine
Noh performance at Itsukushima Shrine

· Kyogen are short comic plays developed at about the same time as Noh
· generally performed in conjunction with Noh
· Kyogen are characterized by realism and down-to-earth humor, in sharp contrast to the lofty and minimalist tone of Noh

Fine Art
Kamakura Period
· Many Zen temples were built in Kamakura
· Unkei, Kaikei, and other master sculptors revived the Nara style with realistic portrait sculpture as well as Buddhist sculpture
· In the sphere of painting as well, portraits, called nise-e, appeared

Kamakura – Muromachi Period
· In the latter half of the twelfth century warriors of the Taira clan (Heike) seized political power at the imperial court, virtually forming a new aristocracy
· Heike mono-gatari (The Tale of the Heike),which depicts the rise and fall of the Taira with the spotlight on their wars with the Minamoto clan (Genji), was completed in the first half of the thirteenth century
o It is a grand epic deeply rooted in Buddhist ethics and filled with sorrow for those who perished, colorful descriptions of its varied characters, and stirring battle scenes
· This period also produced literature by recluses, typified by Kamo no Chomei 's Hojoki (An Account of My Hut), which reflects on the uncertainty of existence

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