Agriculture
· Crop production is vital to Japan despite limited arable land (13% of the total area) and the highest degree of industrialization in Asia

· Steep land (more than 20°) has been terraced for rice and other crops, carrying cultivation in tiny patches far up mountainsides

· With the aid of a temperate climate, adequate rainfall, soil fertility built up and maintained over centuries, and such a large farm population that the average farm has an area of only 1.2 ha (3 acres), Japan has been able to develop intensive cultivation


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Sources:
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Japan-AGRICULTURE.html