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1) Agriculture was the basis of the economy, most of the food that the Inca ate, they grew.
(http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/incaempire3d.htm)

external image 467545073_6d66d791f9.jpg?v=02) Each ayllu (village) had its own self supporting farm community.

3) Since the Inca had not used the wheel or draft animals, all work was done by hand, using:
◘ Heavy wooden spade
◘ Foot plow
◘ Stone-tipped club
◘ Bronze bladed hoe
◘ Digging stick
((http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/incaempire3d.htm))

4)Potatoes and Corn:
◘ 200 varieties of potatoes
◘ used the freezing night temperature and the heat of the day to alternatively freeze and dry the potatoes
◘ cultivate corn and consume it either fresh, dried or popped
◘ make corn into an alcoholic beverages known as saraiaka or chicha (also used in religious ceremonies)
( Hinds, 23)

(http://farm1.static.flickr.com/208/467545073_6d66d791f9.jpg?v=0)
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5) Used natural fertilizers
Guano ­– nitrate-rich droppings from birds
◘ remains of slaughtered llamas

6) Animals were very important to the economy:
◘ Llamas, alpacas and vicunas
◘ Llamas and alpacas were raised as a source of wool and of dung, which was used for fuel
◘ Inca raised guinea pigs, dogs, ducks as a main source of protein
◘ Guinea pigs were raised in the house, usually ran around eating food scraps
◘ animals were sacrificed in religious rituals, slaughtered for meat, leather and dried into thin strips (jerky)
(http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/incaempire3d.htm)

7) Inca traded regionally specialized crops within the empire such as sweet potatoes, blue algae, beans, melons, chili peppers, squash, peanuts, tomatoes, avocados etc.
( Kinds, Kathryn, page 23)

8) Hunting weapons included slings, balas, clubs, and nets for catching birds

9) Food Habits:external image 500379-Inca-Irrigation-1.jpg
◘ Most food was cooked by either boiling it in pottery vessels or by roasting
◘ Most common meals- soups or stews and bread made from maize flour, cooked in ashes
(http://ea.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=0213440-00.)

10) The Inca government made sure that each person had enough food, decent clothing and proper housing. No one wanted, no one begged for food.

11) Moneyless Economy;
◘ no coins or any other from of currency
◘ goods were exchanged for work or vise versa
◘ the emperor rewarded those who served the empire with jewelry, fine textiles, weapons, livestock, land, and even women to be secondary wives
◘ the commoners working on government projects were rewarded with food and clothing
( Corrick, James A., page 44)

(http://img2.travelblog.org/Photos/17587/79988/f/500379-Inca-Irrigation-1.jpg)
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12) Coca:
◘ important role in Inca religion - scattered and burned as offerings
◘ in rituals and festivals people chewed them to help produce a state of ecstasy
◘ chewing coca leaves released small doses of stimulant cocaine, which helped relieve hunger and fatigue
◘ a luxury - one of the privileges of the elite
( Hinds, Kathryn, page 23)

13) The Inca were able to govern such a huge empire without having any system of writing.
( Hinds, Kathryn, page 20)













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