1) Agriculture was the basis of the economy, most of the food that the Inca ate, they grew.

external image 467545073_6d66d791f9.jpg?v=02) Each ayllu (village) had its own self supporting farm community.

3) Since the Inca had not used the wheel or draft animals, all work was done by hand, using:
◘ Heavy wooden spade
◘ Foot plow
◘ Stone-tipped club
◘ Bronze bladed hoe
◘ Digging stick

4)Potatoes and Corn:
◘ 200 varieties of potatoes
◘ used the freezing night temperature and the heat of the day to alternatively freeze and dry the potatoes
◘ cultivate corn and consume it either fresh, dried or popped
◘ make corn into an alcoholic beverages known as saraiaka or chicha (also used in religious ceremonies)
( Hinds, 23)


5) Used natural fertilizers
Guano ­– nitrate-rich droppings from birds
◘ remains of slaughtered llamas

6) Animals were very important to the economy:
◘ Llamas, alpacas and vicunas
◘ Llamas and alpacas were raised as a source of wool and of dung, which was used for fuel
◘ Inca raised guinea pigs, dogs, ducks as a main source of protein
◘ Guinea pigs were raised in the house, usually ran around eating food scraps
◘ animals were sacrificed in religious rituals, slaughtered for meat, leather and dried into thin strips (jerky)

7) Inca traded regionally specialized crops within the empire such as sweet potatoes, blue algae, beans, melons, chili peppers, squash, peanuts, tomatoes, avocados etc.
( Kinds, Kathryn, page 23)

8) Hunting weapons included slings, balas, clubs, and nets for catching birds

9) Food Habits:external image 500379-Inca-Irrigation-1.jpg
◘ Most food was cooked by either boiling it in pottery vessels or by roasting
◘ Most common meals- soups or stews and bread made from maize flour, cooked in ashes

10) The Inca government made sure that each person had enough food, decent clothing and proper housing. No one wanted, no one begged for food.

11) Moneyless Economy;
◘ no coins or any other from of currency
◘ goods were exchanged for work or vise versa
◘ the emperor rewarded those who served the empire with jewelry, fine textiles, weapons, livestock, land, and even women to be secondary wives
◘ the commoners working on government projects were rewarded with food and clothing
( Corrick, James A., page 44)

12) Coca:
◘ important role in Inca religion - scattered and burned as offerings
◘ in rituals and festivals people chewed them to help produce a state of ecstasy
◘ chewing coca leaves released small doses of stimulant cocaine, which helped relieve hunger and fatigue
◘ a luxury - one of the privileges of the elite
( Hinds, Kathryn, page 23)

13) The Inca were able to govern such a huge empire without having any system of writing.
( Hinds, Kathryn, page 20)