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1) The Inca had full-time specialists who designed buildings and other projects

2) Stone Work:
◘ moved stones weighing several tons on rollers and ramps (no wheel and horse)
◘ were fitted so well together that no mortar was needed
◘ even today we can’t fit a knife in between them
( Hinds, Kathryn, page 31)
◘ built with rock like limestone and granite
◘ however sometimes the Incas had to walk several kilometers to get the supplies
(http://www.rutahsa.com/incaarch.html)


external image Machu-Picchu-Inca-Steps.jpgexternal image stonework_machu_picchu.jpg













Machu Picchu - stone steps
(http://www.davestravelcorner.com/photos/Peru/machu-picchu/Machu-Picchu-Inca-Steps.jpg)
(http://www.motojournals.com/southamerica_part1/images/stonework_machu_picchu.jpg)



3) Factories:
◘ produced wool cloth of many kinds from llama, alpaca and even hair (wool) of bats
◘ spinning and weaving was done by women on three different kinds of looms – belt, horizontal and vertical
◘ specialists wove the finest cloth for royalty, to which feathers and beaten medals were added
◘ pottery was fine-grained and almost metallic in hardness
◘ gold, silver and tumbago (alloy of copper and gold) were used for luxury gold’s used by nobles and priests in religious ceremonies
◘ copper was the most widely used metal
(http://ea.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=0213440-00)
◘ plates water jars and everyday objects were made of gold or silver for the Sapa Inca
◘ wove wool and cotton into intricate geometric patterns
◘ small clay objects could be decorated with animal form
◘ created few standardized forms, chiefly llamas and human figures, in stone and metal
(http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/incaempire3f.htm)
◘ clothing was made very simple for both nobles and commoners: rectangular piece of cloth was folded in half, a slit was cut in the center for the wearer's head ( Hinds, Kathryn, page 26)



4) Inca Buildings:

◘ generally had rectangular buildings, with sloping walls near the ends
◘ had thatched roofs covering a framework
◘ doors and windows, in the shape of a trapazoid
◘ most elagent doorways - 'double jamb doorways', indicated a high status site.
◘ stairways - like streets linked the different towns, had small stones shaped and set in a row or the inca carved their stairs into living bedrock
(http://www.rutahsa.com/incaarch.html)



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http://www.rutahsa.com/door-1m.jpg
http://img1.photographersdirect.com/img/17211/wm/pd744693.jpg
http://z.about.com/d/archaeology/1/0/f/B/machu_picchu7.jpg










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